While Juzek`s entrepreneurial spirit is worth an article of its own, I found it interesting to read, in juzek`s history research, that he reissued the labels in his instruments. They contained his own name, but a completion date about five years earlier than the actual date on which the instrument was completed. Based on the example of a credit of $1 million from above, the returned note could have been fraudulent under various facts. Suppose the client deliberately planned not to sign the debt note because he had informed his joint venture partner that the funds were a capital contribution that should not be repaid. In this case, while it is appropriate to document the loan with a debt, the underlying project could have been part of a plan to mislead a third party. An “after” date is not the only way for parties to reveal that they are re-having a document. In a treaty or resolution, recitals [1] can tell the story, including retrodaation. Consider the following example: This article explains when legal documents can be backdated and how this is legally permissible if appropriate. Here are some examples of situations in which a retrodatation may be acceptable: although it is not a technical retrodedatation, ratification is often used in the context of the enterprise to allow approval of a measure. If a board of directors ratifies a contract or other action that has been previously approved by senior officials or even by a person who is not authorized to take action, the effect is similar to that of the retrodedation. The company declares itself ready to be bound by legal action before it is effectively authorized.

In another example, imagine an owner who does not wish to rent an apartment to a minority candidate. The landlord finds a tenant without a minority and dates the signing of that tenant to assert that the non-minority tenant rented the apartment before the minority applicant`s application. This retrodedation may be illegal, as it should mislead the minority applicant and facilitate unlawful discrimination against the lessor. Some treaties make it clearer than others. Many contracts define the date “ab” as “validity date” (not to be confused with the execution date). Others will even have an “as of” clause that will clarify the possibility of a retrodedation by saying that, despite the general belief, the return of documents is not necessarily illegal. In fact, it is allowed for so long that there is a Latin expression, nunc pro tunc, which describes the backdated documents. Sometimes a document has to be backdated to make it correct.

Suppose a creditor starts delivering his product under a proposed contract to determine later that the customer never signed the contract. In this case, the insertion of the date on which the parties started the performance under the contract is more precise than the date of signature to be inserted. However, the return of documents can be illegal or even criminal. If a re-meeting of a document misleads a third party or gives a false impression of when a action was taken, it can be fraudulent. The intentions of the parties are also important in determining whether the retrodation is legal. A document that has been retrodaes to avoid a legal penalty is probably also illegal. Suppose a health facility is required to verify that all employees have received TB tests and influenza records.