FESTUS MOGAE, Chairman of the Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission, said that six months of hard work culminated in the successful holding of the IGAD High Level Revitalization Forum, which brought together 14 parts of South Sudan and other stakeholders to address the challenges facing the country after 18 months of devastating chaos. The first part of the forum focused on the cessation of hostilities, which resulted in an agreement that had a generally positive effect on reducing the scale of violence in the country. Nevertheless, this agreement had been violated in recent weeks by no less than three of the signatory parties. A number of these facts and alleged post-J.C. offences have been investigated. The Peruvian delegate said that a lasting ceasefire would be essential to any credible dialogue on governance in South Sudan and, as such, the Council should consider punishing those responsible for violating the agreement. He also stressed that any obstacle to the delivery of humanitarian aid was unacceptable. Jean-Pierre Lacroix, Assistant Secretary-General for Peacekeeping Operations, told the members of the Security Council that the signing of the agreement on the cessation of hostilities, the protection of civilians and access to humanitarian aid was a major step forward, but that this was only the first step in this process. Violations of the agreement continued, with clashes between pro-Taban Sudan People`s Liberation Army in Opposition (SPLA-IO) and Pro-Riek Machar SPLA-IO forces in Koch (unit) and between the Sudan People`s Liberation Army (SPLA) and pro-Machar SPLA forces in Mundri and other parts of the West.

The attacks on 4 January by unknown armed elements on public security facilities in the Gurei sector of Juba and Kapuri, west of Juba, were of concern, he noted. Joanna WRONECKA (Poland) said her delegation was concerned about the humanitarian and security situation in South Sudan. One third of the African country`s population has been displaced, more than 2 million have been refugees in neighbouring countries and many others have suffered from severe food insecurity. Poland stressed the importance of ensuring full and safe access to humanitarian actors in the country, he said, adding that, like many others, the struggles of women and children who have suffered the most in South Sudan are struggles of women and children. She stressed that the primary responsibility for the protection of the civilian population lies with the government, which must take concrete steps to alleviate its suffering. It was essential that all parties implement the cessation of hostilities agreement. There could be no alternative to the crisis other than a genuine and inclusive political process. Poland commended the efforts of MANSUS staff, which played a crucial role in protecting the civilian population. 2) A party`s obligations to respect the cessation of hostilities therefore apply to its member organizations and to armed groups under the command and control of that party. As a result, each contracting party must also notify the CTSAMM of the headquarters of all its military personnel and related companies. December 15, 2017 marked four years of political unrest in an independent South Sudan.

This culminated in widespread insecurity in the country, an unprecedented humanitarian tragedy and a worsening of the economic emergency. This misery deepens, as a great number of efforts to mark instability continue to falter one after the other. Since 2014, several political comparisons have been concluded and almost all have failed overall. The recent cessation of hostilities agreement (CoH), signed on 21 December 2017 as part of a new attempt to save an earlier agreement and live lives, has once again raised hopes for peace in South Sudan. The recent agreement, which is part of IGAD`s High Level Forum on Revitalization (HLRF), is supposed to revive the conflict settlement agreement in South Sudan, commonly known as ARCSS.